Question: What are the ex-ante and ex-post costs?

Unlike ex-ante, which is based on estimated returns, ex-post represents the actual results attained by the company, which is the return earned by the companys investors. The ex-post value of a security can be obtained by deducting the price paid by investors from the current market price of the security.

What is a good tracking error?

Theoretically, an index fund should have a tracking error of zero relative to its benchmark. Enhanced index funds typically have tracking errors in the 1%-2% range. Most traditional active managers have tracking errors around 4%-7%.

How do you explain tracking error?

Tracking error is the divergence between the price behavior of a position or a portfolio and the price behavior of a benchmark. This is often in the context of a hedge fund, mutual fund, or exchange-traded fund (ETF) that did not work as effectively as intended, creating an unexpected profit or loss.

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