Question: In what period age of science when Fizeau and Foucault were able to conclude that light travels faster in air than water?

In 1850, Fizeau and Foucault both used rotating mirror devices to perform relative measures of the speed of light in air versus water.

When was light speed first measured?

1676 In 1676, the Danish astronomer Ole Roemer (1644–1710) became the first person to measure the speed of light. Roemer measured the speed of light by timing eclipses of Jupiters moon Io.

How did Foucault improve upon the method of Fizeau?

Foucault improved on Fizeaus apparatus slightly, replacing the cogwheel with a rotating mirror–hence it is now known as the Fizeau-Foucault Apparatus. Light was reflected at different angles as the mirror rotated.

How did Hippolyte Fizeau determine the speed of light?

Figure 2.3 The first terrestrial measurement of the speed of light was done by Fizeau in 1849 when he projected a pulsed beam of light onto a distant mirror. Based on the number of teeth and speed of rotation of the toothed wheel, and knowing the distance to the mirror, he was able to calculate a speed of 315,000 km/s.

Who proved the Earth rotates?

Léon Foucault February 3, 1851: Léon Foucault demonstrates that Earth rotates. By the mid 19th century, most educated people knew that Earth spins on its axis, completing a rotation once a day, but there was no obvious visual demonstration of the Earths rotation, only astronomical evidence.

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