If the glucose level is 200 mg/dL or higher at 2 hours, then you might have diabetes. The A1c test is a simple blood test that shows your average blood sugar levels for the past 2-3 months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher may mean you have diabetes.
What happens when someone is diagnosed with diabetes?
If you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all. The insulin cant be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system.
When is someone diagnosed with diabetes?
To be diagnosed with diabetes, you must meet one of the following criteria: Have symptoms of diabetes (increased thirst, increased urination, and unexplained weight loss) and a blood sugar level equal to or greater than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
How is early stage diabetes treated?
Take these steps to treat prediabetes:Eat a healthy diet and lose weight. Exercise. Stop smoking.Get your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.Take medication like metformin (Glucophage) to lower your blood sugar if youre at high risk of diabetes.13 Dec 2019
What does it mean to be diagnosed with diabetes?
With diabetes, your body either doesnt make enough insulin or cant use it as well as it should. Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream.
Can I live a normal life with type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that can lead to life-threatening complications. However, by adopting effective management strategies, there is a good chance that many people with type 2 diabetes can expect to live as long as a person without the condition.
What is the life expectancy for someone with diabetes?
The combined diabetic life expectancy is 74.64 years—comparable to the life expectancy in the general population.